Our Techniques

Yarn Dyeing

What is Yarn Dyeing?

Yarn dyeing is a process of imparting colours to yarns, transforming them from their natural state into vibrant, eye-catching hues. This age-old technique is a harmonious blend of science and artistry, where dye solutions and creative vision merge to create stunning yarns that inspire an array of textile projects.

The Yarn Dyeing Process

  1. Yarn Selection: Starting with selecting high-quality yarns, which can be made from various fibres
  2. Skeining or Hanking: The selected yarn is carefully wound into skeins or hanks. This preparation facilitates even dye penetration.
  3. Pre-Treatment (Scouring and Mordanting): Before dyeing, natural fibres are often scoured to remove any impurities or residual oils. Additionally, some fibres require a mordanting process, where a mordant is applied to the yarn to help fix the dye and improve colour fastness.
  4. Dyeing Process:
    • Hand Dyeing: In the case of hand dyeing, each skein or hank is individually dyed by hand. Artisans use various dyeing techniques, such as dip dyeing, hand painting, or kettle dyeing, to create unique colour combinations and gradients.

  • Machine Dyeing: Machine dyeing is a more automated process, where the yarn is dyed in large batches using specialized dyeing machines. This method ensures consistent colour distribution throughout the yarn.
  1. Fixation or Setting the Dye: After the yarn is dyed, it needs to be fixed or set to ensure it remains colour fast. This is achieved through various methods, such as heat-setting, steaming, or chemical treatments, depending on the type of dye used.
  2. Rinsing and Drying: Once the dye is fixed, the yarn goes through thorough rinsing to remove any excess dye. It is carefully dried to prepare it for further processing.


Yarn dyeing is not only a technical process but also an art form that allows dyers to experiment with colours, patterns, and gradients. The possibilities are endless, and dyers can create a wide range of effects, from subtle tonal variations to bold, vibrant shades. Each skein of hand-dyed yarn is unique, a testament to the artistic vision and skill of the dyer.


Herbal Dyes and the Art of Natural Dyeing

A time-honoured craft that celebrates the beauty of plant-based pigments.

What are Herbal Dyes?

Herbal dyes, also known as natural dyes, are dyes derived from various parts of plants, such as roots, leaves, flowers, and bark. These dyes have been used for centuries to colour textiles, creating a rich tapestry of hues. Herbal dyes are free from harsh chemicals, making them a sustainable and safe choice.

The Herbal Dyeing Process

  1. Selection of Natural Materials: The process begins with carefully selecting the plant-based materials used for dyeing. Depending on the desired colour, various plant parts and combinations are chosen to create the dye solution.
  2. Extraction of Colour:
  • Mordanting (Optional): Before dyeing, some fibres may undergo mordanting, where a mordant is applied to the fabric to enhance dye absorption and colour fastness. Common mordants include alum, iron, and tannin-rich substances like oak galls.
  • Preparing the Dye Bath: The chosen plant materials are then simmered in water to extract the colours and create a dye bath. The duration of simmering and the amount of plant material used determine the intensity of the colour.
  1. Dyeing Process:
  • Hot Dyeing: In hot dyeing, the natural fibres or fabrics are immersed in the hot dye bath and heated gently. The fibres absorb the dye slowly, resulting in soft and muted colours.
  • Cold Dyeing: In cold dyeing, the fibres are left to soak in the dye bath at room temperature over an extended period. This method yields softer, pastel shades and is often used for delicate fabrics.
  • Bundle Dyeing: Also known as eco printing, the fabric is carefully folded, tied, or wrapped around plant materials before immersing in the dye bath. This creates unique and unpredictable patterns on the fabric.
  1. Fixation or Setting the Dye: After dyeing, the fibres may require a fixing process to ensure the dye is colour fast. Depending on the dye and mordant used, this can involve gentle heat, exposure to air, or natural chemical reactions.
  2. Rinsing and Drying: Once the dye is set, the dyed fibres are rinsed thoroughly to remove any excess dye and mordants and carefully dried. Ready to be transformed into beautiful garments or home textiles.

Each dye bath is a celebration of the Earth's rich palette, offering a connection to nature that extends beyond fashion. By choosing herbal dyes, you not only support eco-friendly practices but also contribute to preserving ancient traditions.


Azo-Free Dyes and Responsible Dyeing!

A dyeing process that prioritizes the well-being of both individuals and the planet.

What are Azo-Free Dyes?

Azo-free dyes are a group of synthetic dyes used in the textile industry that do not contain azo compounds. Azo compounds, while commonly used in some dyes, have raised concerns due to the potential release of harmful aromatic amines during the dyeing process. Azo-free dyes ensure that textiles are free from these hazardous substances, making them a safe and eco-friendly choice.

The Azo-Free Dyeing Process

  1. Eco-Friendly Dye Selection: Manufacturers prioritize dyes that have minimal environmental impact and adhere to stringent safety regulations.
  2. Meticulous Dye Preparation:
  • Dye Dispersion: To ensure even and consistent dyeing, the chosen dyes are dispersed or dissolved in water or other solvents.
  • Reducing Water Consumption: Azo-free dyeing processes often employ methods to reduce water consumption, such as low liquor ratio dyeing. This ensures that water is used efficiently, and has a smaller environmental footprint.
  1. Responsible Dyeing Techniques:
  • Continuous Dyeing: Continuous dyeing is an efficient method where the fabric passes continuously through a dyeing machine, allowing for consistent colour application and reduced water and dye consumption.
  • Batch Dyeing: In batch dyeing, smaller batches of fabric are dyed together in a controlled environment. This method allows for more precise colour control and is suitable for smaller production runs.
  1. Eco-Friendly Chemicals (Optional): If necessary, eco-friendly chemicals are used during the dyeing process to improve colour fastness and ensure the dyes adhere well to the fibres.
  2. Quality Control: Rigorous quality control measures are implemented to ensure the dyed textiles meet the highest standards of safety, colour fastness, and consistency.

Hand Embroidery

A time-honoured craft.

What is Hand Embroidery?

Hand embroidery is a meticulous and artistic technique of adding value to fabrics and designs using needle and thread. This age-old craft has been passed down through generations, each stitch carrying the legacy of skilled artisans and their boundless creativity. Hand embroidery allows for an unparalleled level of detail and precision, making it a tireless form of artistic expression.

Machine Embroidery

Where technology and artistry come together to create stunning and intricate designs on fabrics.

What is Machine Embroidery?

Machine embroidery is a versatile and precise technique of embellishing fabrics using embroidery machines. Unlike hand embroidery, which involves individual stitching by hand, machine embroidery uses automated stitching, guided by the machine attachments such as the hooks, stitching style and needle movement.

Applique Embroidery


What is Applique Embroidery?

Appliqué embroidery is a decorative technique that involves attaching pieces of fabric onto a base fabric using stitching. It's a form of surface embellishment that adds texture, colour, and dimension to textiles and garments. The term "appliqué" comes from the French word "appliquer," which means "to apply."

In appliqué embroidery, you typically start with a base fabric (such as a garment, quilt square, or decorative fabric piece) and then attach smaller pieces of fabric onto it to create a design. These smaller fabric pieces can be of different colours, textures, and patterns, allowing you to create intricate and visually appealing designs.

The process involves cutting out the desired shapes from the fabric pieces and then stitching them onto the base fabric using various embroidery techniques such as satin stitch, blanket stitch, running stitch, or any other decorative stitches. The stitching can be done by hand or using a sewing machine, depending on the level of detail and complexity you want to achieve.

Appliqué embroidery can be used in a variety of applications, including clothing, accessories, home decor items like quilts and pillow covers, and even art pieces. It allows for a lot of creativity and customization, as you can combine different fabrics, colours, and stitches to create unique designs. It's a popular technique in traditional crafts, contemporary fashion, and various craft projects.